Greek History



Greek culture soon "Hellenized" the world with its philosophy, art, and architecture.  The Parthenon (447 BCE) stands on top of the Acropolis--an example for others to copy centuries later (as in King Ludwig's, Walhalla).  The Turks used the Parthenon as a powder magazine when the Venetians sieged the Acropolis in 1687.  One of the Venetian bombs fell on the Parthenon and caused an explosion that destroyed a great part of the monument which had been preserved in a good condition until then.  In the beginning of the 19th century, the British ambassador in Constantinople, Lord Elgin, took the greatest part of the sculptural decoration of the monument (frieze), transferred them to England, and sold them to the British Museum, where they are still exhibited.  Greece has now planned to build a museum near the Acropolis in hopes that Great Britain will give the marble back.  I have my doubts.



                                                                                                                Parthenon, Athens (built with no straight lines)                                  Walhalla, Regensburg, Germany


Nashville (TN) Parthenon


Corinth , one of the three major powers in Greece during the 5th c. BCE, took part in all the battles against the Persians.  The city was totally destruction by the Romans in 146 BCE, and later resettled by Julius Caesar in 44 BCE.



                                                                                                                    Parthenon Frieze, British Museum, London                                       Acrocorinth, Corinth, Greece



                                                                                  Erechtheion, on the Acropolis, Athens, Greece                                                   Peirene Fountain, Corinth, Greece



                                                                                                 The Corinth Canal, Corinth, Greece                         The Harbor at Thessaloniki, Greece


Thessaloniki was first established in 316 BCE by Cassander and named after his wife, Thessaloniki, sister of Alexander the Great.  In 168 BCE, it was taken by the Romans (Dan. 2:36-44), retaining its Hellenistic character.




Note:  While I make every effort to produce an error-free document, errors occasionally creep in. I would appreciate you bringing any to my attention so that I may make the necessary corrections.



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